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Strasbourg Convention of 2012 on the Limitation of Liability in Inland Navigation (CLNI 2012) – New Limitation Regime

This article is intended to be used as a reference to aid members to understand the CLNI 2012 terms in particular the new increased limitation of liability. Background The Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine (CCNR) initiated the Strasbourg Convention on the limitation of liability in inland navigation (CLNI) 1988 based on the model of the Convention on limitation of liability for maritime claims (LLMC). The purpose was to allow owners and crew members of inland vessels and their salvors to set a maximum amount to limit their ...

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Best practices for carriage of dangerous goods by container

Class society ABS and representatives from the Cargo Incident Notification System (CINS) have formed a joint industry project to develop best practices for carriage of dangerous goods. ABS has been working with CINS members over the past six months to develop best stowage strategy guidelines. Following a three-month trial, the best practice guidelines are intended to be published on the CINS website. ‘Carriage of dangerous goods, not properly identified or accounted for, can be detrimental to the safety of the ship – and more importantly, to the people on board ...

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The silent and invisible killer onboard vessels

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) recently issued Marine Safety Alert 04-19, “Confined Spaces: Silent & Invisible Killers”. The risks associated with enclosed space entries are illustrated by a recent casualty where three persons were asphyxiated while working onboard a laid-up Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit (MODU). Once again, two additional persons were killed when trying to rescue a fellow crewmember – because they entered the space without wearing personal protective equipment and self-contained breathing apparatuses. Although it may be mandatory to carry out enclosed space entry drills on board, it ...

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Concerns remain for global marine underwriting, says IUMI

Whilst in general, major losses remain stable, the continued erosion of the global premium base means that attritional losses are becoming much more significant. The increased risk of large, more complex and costly claims has the potential to impact all marine underwriting sectors in 2019. The International Union of Marine Insurance (IUMI) gave expert opinion on the current state of the hull, cargo and offshore energy insurance markets at its Spring Conference in Hamburg on 7-8 April 2019. Hull casualties Although the global fleet continued to grow at around 3% ...

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Liabilities arising under the Turkish Straits clauses

The Turkish Straits are among the busiest waterways in the world. They have crucial importance for the international shipping industry especially for trades involving the Black Sea, Sea of Azov (Northeast of Crimean Peninsula), Marmara Sea, Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea. The Bosphorus Strait is about 10 nautical miles in length and just 700 meters wide at the narrowest point. It has strong currents and sharp turns. The Dardanelles Strait is about 38 nautical miles long. The passage is generally straightforward, except for two significant turns, near the City of ...

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Malaria – precautions to be taken

After more than a decade of steady advances in fighting malaria progress has levelled off. According to WHO’s latest World malaria report, no significant gains were made in reducing malaria cases in the period 2015 to 2017. The estimated number of malaria deaths in 2017, at 435 000, remained virtually unchanged over the previous year. “A massive wake-up call”, says the WHO. It is therefore important that shipowners and operators continue to safeguard crew by focussing on awareness of recent areas with an outbreak of malaria as well as implementing ...

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Iran Sanctions – Significant Reduction Exemptions

As reported in our Notice to Members No.11 2018/2019, when U.S. secondary sanctions were re-imposed against the purchase and carriage of Iranian crude oil, petroleum products, liquified gases and petrochemicals in November 2018, eight countries – China, India, Italy, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Turkey – were granted waivers from the U.S. so that they may continue to be permitted to import limited amounts of Iranian crude oil. These so-called Significant Reduction Exemptions (“SREs”) were given for limited period and are due to expire on 2 May 2019. The ...

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North P&I Club – It’s time to prepare for the big switch

North P&I Club has updated its guidance on the 2020 Sulphur Cap for Members, helping them prepare for the big switch to compliance on 1 January 2020. Following on from a comprehensive programme of events, training sessions and publications which have been rolled out over the past 12 months, North’s Members now have access to three new guides to ensure safe and compliant operations. The three guides cover the three main methods of achieving compliance: using distillates (MGO/MDO), using blended very-low-sulphur fuel oils (VLSFO) or installing exhaust gas cleaning systems ...

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The Shipowners’ Club reports business growth

The Shipowners’ Club, the leading mutual P&I insurer in the smaller and specialist vessel sector, has reported resilient results for the year ending 31 December 2018. The Club has reported a combined ratio of 104.2%, which was slightly better than the budgeted 105%. Tonnage increased by 6.9% to 27.3m tonnes and insured vessel numbers increased by 3.5% to 34,094. There was a a reduction in capital and free reserves of US$ 37.9m, taking net assets to US$ 303.8m. Financial summary Combined ratio 104.2% (2017: 99.1%) Capital and free reserves US$ ...

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France’s proposed speed limit for ships

French proposals submitted to the IMO’s MEPC at the end of last month call for a two-step approach of short-term measures to cut GHG emissions in shipping. They include regulating ship speeds on a sector by sector basis, followed by the adoption of globally applicable annual emissions caps based on each ship’s output. Loadstar reported the following views have been expressed: It is understood that Maersk has objected to the proposals, while a spokesman for Hapag-Lloyd told The Loadstar additional speed reductions ‘would not be a good solution’. He said: ...

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IMO 2020 – scrubber FAQs for charterparties

The below FAQs about scrubbers are intended to assist members (as owners and charterers) in preparing their charterparties for IMO 2020. Whilst this is not intended to be formal legal or technical advice or an exhaustive list of FAQs, it seeks to identify chartering issues arising from IMO 2020, including potential contractual responsibilities and liabilities in respect of compliance. Are ship owners obliged to install scrubbers? In general terms, shipowners are not obliged to install scrubbers. However this question cannot be considered in isolation from the wider implications of MARPOL ...

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The Standard Club appoints new Legal Director

The Standard Club has appointed Jamie Wallace to the role of Legal Director. The role will manage the key legal functions for the organisation, including supervising the handling of Defence Class claims, promoting the club’s policies on legal issues and managing the implementation of key processes Jamie brings to the role 17 years’ legal experience, principally in the maritime sector. Previously a Partner at Bentleys, Stokes and Lowless, Jamie’s experience involves advising owners, charterers and cargo interests in global jurisdictions on a variety of issues, including market collapses and cargo ...

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Tankers must cool decks during Panama Canal transits

Tankers have been issued with new deck-cooling orders by the Panama Canal Authority (ACP). The directive applies from this month and involves all crude, product and chemical tankers carrying cargoes with flashpoints of less than 18 degrees. In a note to members, BIMCO said the move was being made to ensure the safety of canal operations, as well as to reduce disruptions in transit scheduling. Main decks must be cooled by a sprinkler system, or any other means available during transit. This will prevent automatic activation of release relief valves ...

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IMO Guidance On Implementation Plan For Compliance With 0.50% Sulfur Limit Under Marpol Annex VI

Your Managers would like to draw your attention to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) guidance as set forth in the annex to the attached document MEPC.1/Circ.878, Guidance on the Development of a Ship Implementation Plan for the Consistent Implementation of the 0.50% Sulphur Limit Under MARPOL Annex VI. While there currently is no mandatory requirement to have an implementation plan, Port State Control authorities may likely take the status of any plan-or lack thereof-into consideration when verifying compliance after January 1, 2020. It is therefore recommended that vessels have one ...

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IMO 2020 – charterparty FAQs

The below FAQs are intended to assist members (as owners and charterers) in preparing their charterparties for IMO 2020. Whilst this is not intended to be formal legal or technical advice or an exhaustive list of FAQs, it seeks to identify chartering issues arising from IMO 2020, including potential contractual responsibilities and liabilities in respect of compliance. The main focus of the FAQs is on time charterparties, although guidance is also provided in respect of voyage charterparties where appropriate. What is the ‘Sulphur Cap’ and how does it apply? Regulation ...

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