US Ambassador Pyatt: “Greece and the United States are also moving forward with maritime infrastructure projects to support regional energy independence”
Thank you, Niko, both for the invitation and also the warm introduction. I’m delighted to be speaking at another Greek Economic Summit. This is my fifth Summit, and though we’re convening under very different circumstances this year, I want to congratulate you, Elias, and the team on a fantastically impressive lineup of speakers, which I think reflects very well the strong state of the U.S.-Greece relationship.
I also want to thank the AmCham and the Hellenic Federation of Enterprises for their partnership during this unprecedented pandemic period. Despite the challenges, we’ve continued to work together to drive U.S.-Greece relations forward, as reflected in events like this and the very important role that AmCham played in Secretary Pompeo’s visit to Thessaloniki in September. I’m very confident that this progress is going to continue as we move into the post-pandemic recovery and a very important presidential transition in the United States.
On this, I would start by noting that the U.S. election last month was an extraordinary exercise in democracy with more Americans voting than ever before in our history. Our election reflected the best of the ancient Athenian ideals that inspired our founders, and I’m positive that U.S.-Greek relations will continue to enjoy strong bipartisan support in Washington.
President-elect Biden has named a national security team of committed Transatlanticists who know Greece well, and I know that they will be able to build on a very solid foundation of strategic relations that we have constructed over the past several years.
I’ve said it different ways in the past, but I remain a true believer in the value of the U.S.-Greece relationship, and I am as confident as ever in our future.
Prime Minister Mitsotakis and his team are positioning Greece to recover quickly from this year’s pandemic-induced global slowdown.
Together, we are creating strong synergies between top-tier American investors and Greece’s highly educated workers that will act as a force multiplier in the years to come.
Our growing collaboration in the digital sector and our investments in energy and infrastructure are building on each other to create more opportunities and more jobs, ensuring greater security, stability, and prosperity in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Let me take a few minutes to share some thoughts on Greece’s digital transformation.
As our partners at AmCham will remember very well, the idea of bringing the very best of American technology and innovation to the 2018 Thessaloniki International Fair was a bit of a gamble, but we’re now seeing the fruits of those labors.
Over the past two years, American technology investment in northern Greece has led the way, putting Thessaloniki on the map as a gateway to the Balkans. U.S. companies like Pfizer, Cisco, and Deloitte have expanded their footprint in the city, and I am confident that more companies will follow suit.
I had a chance to meet Cisco’s Digital Transformation and Digital Skills Board last month, and we discussed their plans to promote innovation, investment, and women’s empowerment in cooperation with the Ministry of Digital Governance, the Ministry of Development, and the City of Thessaloniki. I was very impressed.
Secretary Pompeo’s visit to Thessaloniki in September highlighted the United States’ commitment to support Greece’s innovation ecosystem.
The new Science and Technology Agreement that Secretary Pompeo signed with Minister Georgiadis will promote closer bilateral collaboration on basic science and cutting-edge research, further strengthening our trade and investment ties.
We believe the trend of American investment in Greece’s knowledge-based economy is just beginning, and with this agreement in place, there will be expanded opportunities for collaboration in moving technology from the laboratory to the marketplace, an area where American companies and researchers excel.
We’re acting quickly to follow up this agreement, and that’s why the State Department’s Science and Technology Adviser Dr. Mung Chiang traveled to Athens last month to meet with Minister Pierrakakis, Minister Georgiadis, and innovators at Demokritos.
Prime Minister Mitsotakis and his government are sending all the right signals to indicate that they are embracing the Greek economy’s digital future.
With its recently passed Digital Governance Code, the government has demonstrated its commitment to reforming laws and regulations and creating a political culture that facilitates digital transformation.
Greece is also ahead of the curve in recognizing the far-reaching impact of 5G wireless technology on every aspect of our lives, from national security to economic development.
COSMOTE’s decision to build its 5G network exclusively with trusted vendor Ericsson ensures that the data and networks that power Greece’s digital economy will remain secure.
We are very proud to welcome Greece to the Clean Network and look forward to the launch of COSMOTE’s 5G network in Attica and Thessaloniki this spring.
Capitalizing on the increased speeds that 5G will unleash, the Greek government’s new Faistos Fund will support the development of innovative applications for 5G technology. This fund will further deepen U.S.-Greece cooperation on emerging technologies since the government is encouraging U.S. investors to join the fund and welcoming U.S. startups to come to Greece to take advantage of this seed money.
As a result of Greece’s digital revolution, America’s leading technology firms, the global frontrunners in cloud technology, are placing huge bets on the future of remote work in Greece.
The digitization of government and the new Digital Governance Code created the right conditions for Microsoft to invest hundreds of millions of dollars in new cloud infrastructure. Soon thereafter, the American firm Digital Realty followed suit, acquiring Lamda Hellix, the region’s largest data center operator. Amazon Web Services also signed an MOU with the Ministry of Digital Governance to collaborate on cloud infrastructure and technology.
The new, cloud-based investments will help to attract a growing class of digital nomads who need access to their applications in real time. I know that this new technology push, combined with Greece’s renowned climate, food, and famously hospitable people, has enormous potential to attract highly skilled expats and to reverse the brain drain of recent years. The announcement last month of tax incentives for returning professionals and digital migrants sweetens this offer.
With U.S. support, Greece is positioning itself to lead Southeastern Europe’s knowledge-based economy. And by investing in Greece, America’s tech giants have committed to upskilling Greece’s next-generation workforce. Microsoft, for instance, plans to train 100,000 Greek professionals, educators, and students in digital technologies. Google announced one million dollars in grant funding to provide digital skills to vulnerable groups. Cisco, Pfizer, and Deloitte’s innovation centers are hiring hundreds of talented graduates from Thessaloniki’s leading universities.
The U.S. Embassy has also invested in teaching young Greeks critical digital skills through programs like the Tech Academy, Tech Camp, and Code Girls. These are long-term investments in Greece’s future, and we know that a highly skilled workforce will have multiplier effects in the Greek economy.
You can envision an entire lifecycle powered by these investments. For example, when a Code Girls participant graduates from Anatolia College, maybe she gets her first job at Deloitte’s Center of Excellence in Thessaloniki. And from there, she might go on to start her own company using Microsoft’s cloud infrastructure, which is later acquired by a Silicon Valley firm.
Together, we are creating an enabling environment where there are more paths to success and young people can drive sustainable, long-term economic growth that pays dividends for years to come.
I’ve met talented Greeks in universities, laboratories, and startups all across this country, and I know they are capable of extraordinary things. One only has to look at the success of the Greek diaspora in the United States, personified by Pfizer CEO and Thessaloniki native Albert Bourla, whose vaccine is leading the global fight against COVID-19.
American investments in digital research and skills development will help Greece to position workers in this new professional landscape and grow into a regional hub for innovation and entrepreneurship.
One other way that the United States is contributing to the Greek economy is through U.S. investments in energy and maritime infrastructure.
Greece and its neighbors are coming together to redraw the energy map of Southeastern Europe through major projects that have maintained momentum even through the pandemic.
Regional cooperation here is key. That’s why we are committed to continuing the 3+1 energy dialogues with Greece, Cyprus, and Israel that Secretary Pompeo launched in 2019. As in the digital sector, synergy between these energy initiatives will multiply their economic impact.
In line with Prime Minister Mitsotakis’ ambitious goal of eliminating lignite coal by 2028, Greece is embracing technological advancements in green energy. American companies like Blink Charging, Envipco, Tesla, and GE are expanding their European operations in Greece, drawn to the value proposition offered by Greece’s highly skilled tech workforce and the country’s rich natural resources.
The Trans Adriatic Pipeline, of course, has completed construction and will begin commercial operations by the end of the year, marking a new era of energy independence and diversification in southeastern Europe.
Combined with the Greece-Bulgaria Interconnector, targeted for completion next year, the Alexandroupoli floating regassification unit, and new connections to North Macedonia, TAP’s completion enhances Greece’s role as a defender of European energy security. This fall, Greece and Bulgaria both became shareholders in the Alexandroupoli FSRU, and companies in Serbia, Bulgaria, and Greece made binding commitments for long-term gas purchases. Greece and North Macedonia are also in the advanced stage of discussions for an interconnector that could be extended to Kosovo and other markets to the north. Together, these coordinated actions will help to break Gazprom’s monopoly on the Balkan energy market and promote greater regional trade. This creates jobs and contributes to a more stable and prosperous future for Greece and its northern neighbors.
LNG, which will flow through most of these projects, is the gas of the future. It’s both cheaper and more secure than Russian pipeline gas. It’s also key to European efforts to reduce reliance on coal-based power and meet our shared climate goals.
For the first nine months of 2020, almost half of the LNG coming into Greece originated from the United States, nearly four times the amount imported in the same period of 2019.
We want to continue building on these trends, and we believe that the Alexandroupoli FSRU is perfectly positioned to further develop a North-South energy corridor.
Meanwhile, Greece and the United States are also moving forward with maritime infrastructure projects to support regional energy independence.
The United States Development Finance Corporation – or DFC – has been an important player in this space, and I’m delighted that my colleague and collaborator, DFC CEO Adam Boehler will be speaking later today. DFC established its first international office anywhere in Belgrade to cover the Western Balkans and Aegean with the explicit goal of catalyzing private investment in regional integration.
DFC has identified the ports of Kavala and Alexandroupoli as strategic priorities because of their geographic location and synergy with key projects like the FSRU, TAP, and the South Kavala underground gas storage facility.
So we’re thrilled that two American groups have declared interest in the privatization of these ports. We are determined that these strategic assets should remain in Western hands. In addition, the Syros shipyard is now certified by the U.S. Navy to conduct maintenance of U.S. military vessels, and we continue to support ONEX’s efforts, in cooperation with DFC, to finalize the acquisition of the Elefsina shipyard. We’re also very excited about North Star Group’s offer to invest 700 million euros in the Skaramagas shipyard over four years. I am very proud that American companies and U.S. government have played such a central role in helping to revitalize a shipbuilding industry that has been central to Greek identity for thousands of years. It’s a symbol of the powerful, transformative work that our countries are doing together.
The Three Seas Initiative, finally, represents another opportunity for Greece to leverage its strategic location and bolster its role as a pillar of stability. Last month, the U.S. House of Representatives unanimously approved a resolution backing the Three Seas Initiative, demonstrating strong bipartisan support.
We warmly welcome Foreign Minister Dendias’s plans to associate Greece with this Initiative, which will enable Athens to unleash its full potential for expanding regional energy, infrastructure, and communications ties.
In line with the vision that Prime Minister Mitsotakis and his team have laid out, Greece has drawn increasing attention as a trusted and sought-after destination for American investment.
I’m confident that these investments in the knowledge-based sector, in energy, and in maritime infrastructure will work in concert to recharge and modernize the Greek economy, delivering profits, jobs, and opportunities not only for Greece, but for the Western Balkans and Southeastern Europe as well. This is a win-win outcome for all of us.
So as we forge ahead and work through the challenge of the pandemic, I take encouragement from these promising trends. And I am committed to ensuring that the U.S.-Greece trade and investment relationship continues to grow and deepen in the years ahead. And no doubt, in this effort, AmCham will be our most important partner. So ευχαριστώ πολύ, and Niko, I look forward to our conversation.
Nikolaos Bakatselos, President, American-Hellenic Chamber of Commerce: This is your fifth GES, and it’s your fourth year here in Greece. Your presence here has been remarkable. For us, you are the architect of the current status of Greek-U.S. relations, and we thank you for that. What would you say has been our country’s biggest achievement during your stay here? And what has been your biggest challenge?
Ambassador Pyatt: So, I think the biggest achievement is easy. It’s that Greece has returned to the status as a normal, prosperous European democracy. I was reading recently President Obama’s memoirs, which were a reminder to me of how much anxiety there was in those days about the state of the Greek economy and the risks that Greece could pull down the whole Eurozone.
I remember vividly my first big visit in this job when President Obama came here in November 2016, along with Secretary of Treasury Lew, and a lot of our conversations with Prime Minister Tsipras was about the state of the economy, European skepticism about Greece’s ability to reform, concerns about the solvency and sustainability of the financial system, concerns about whether Greece could leave the Eurozone. Nobody asks those questions anymore.
I also remember from those days one of my very first meetings with then President of New Democracy and leader of the opposition Prime Minister Mitsotakis, and we talked about the stresses on Greek democracy that a decade of economic crisis had produced. It’s quite remarkable to look back on that and realize how far Greece has come. We’ve had a global financial crisis of almost unprecedented dimensions as a result of the pandemic, and nobody worried that Greece was going to be the domino that pulled down the whole European system. To the contrary, Greece has become a model of good governance, of strong performance, a model that other Europeans aspire to in terms of managing the fantastic challenge that the pandemic has presented. So that’s the easy question.
I think the biggest challenge going forward is to unleash the power of the Greek people and the Greek economy. I think that’s what this government has made progress on. The digital transformation that I discussed in my remarks has a lot to do with unleashing the fantastic energy and ingenuity that you see in the Greek diaspora, that you see among Greek young people, that you see in the startup community, and removing the barriers and impediments that government and bureaucracy can present.
Nikolaos Bakatselos: Well, I think you should know, because you have traveled Greece more than anyone else I know, and you’ve met more people than any of the other U.S. Ambassadors.
Ambassador Pyatt: It’s the best part of my job.
Nikolaos Bakatselos: Speaking of challenges, what has been a challenge for you?
Ambassador Pyatt: So I think it’s related to what we just talked about, which is how to help my colleagues in Washington, in Congress, in the Executive Branch understand how much Greece has changed in recent years.
There have been really important developments, for instance, on the foreign policy side, where Greece has gone from being seen as source of problems to a source of solutions, a net security provider. Initiatives like the Prespes Agreement, like Greece’s thriving relations with Israel, with Egypt, Greece’s facilitation of our military and security relationship. Greece’s emergence as a net provider of security and a source of solutions.
That’s been very important, I think, to the content of our relationship, and I think a presidential transition in the United States presents a particularly important moment for Greece to communicate to my government and to American authorities how Greece can continue to work with the United States to build a stronger transatlantic community, a more stable and prosperous Western Balkans, and an Eastern Mediterranean region which is characterized by cooperation and communication as opposed to conflict and crisis.
Nikolaos Bakatselos: I was going to ask you that, but you answered the question before even hearing it. So thank you for that. I was referring to the new administration in the U.S. You mentioned TIF 2018. I think it’s undoubtedly the greatest milestone in the development of where we are today. What do you think Greece should do in order to continue building on this momentum and enhance the country’s international image? What should we be doing more of?
Ambassador Pyatt: So let me start by again reinforcing on TIF how much, for me, it is a reflection of the value of the partnership between the Embassy and the U.S. government, and AmCham. This was a joint venture, and both of us were Angel Investors in this shared vision. Both of us could have lost a lot, but we actually gained. It goes to the American sporting principle of “Go big or go home.” This was an example of going big.
I think now what’s really important is to deliver success. So these big new investments. We need to make sure that the Microsoft data center investment is a fantastic success, that it moves quickly through the regulatory hurdles that are presented by a big project in a region that crosses different authorities: Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Digital Governance, Ministry of Economy—how the government works together to facilitate that.
Likewise, in Northern Greece, you’ve got a fantastic opportunity with the new Pfizer investment, and what I hear from Albert Bourla and the Pfizer leadership is that it has so far exceeded expectations.
That’s what you want, you want American companies to come to Greece and see, not only is this investment safe, but it’s delivering even better results than expected, so it can be expanded. As those results come in, that will propel further success. Again, it’s a matter of repositioning Greece, and I think the government’s strong performance in managing the pandemic has already helped significantly with that.
For me, every time you see a CNN story or a Washington Post story talking about Greece as an example of successfully responding to the pandemic, following the advice of scientists, working to minimize the economic disruption, that’s money in the bank. We, the AmCham and the Embassy, need to continue to work to build those opportunities.
I’m also very grateful, as I alluded to, that we’re able to build such a strong network in Washington D.C. with President Trump’s economic team, with Secretary Ross, who’s been indispensable, Adam Boehler at DFC, Keith Krach at the State Department, and the whole economic team at the State Department, including Manisha Singh, Frank Fannon, these people are all visitors to Greece, they’ve been indispensable, and I want to work very hard over the next few weeks to ensure that President-elect Biden’s team is able to pick up right where we left off with a very strong foundation that we’ve built.
I remember when Prime Minister Mitsotakis was in the White House in January, one of his messages in the Cabinet Room meeting that we had was his aspiration to see that our trade and investment and economic relationship reaches the same high level as our strategic defense and security cooperation. That is a goal that the United States shares, but we’re only going to get there if we work with the American private sector because we’re not China, you’re not going to have the U.S. government directing private sector investment. It’s going to happen because the market conditions are right and companies see the opportunities here.
Nikolaos Bakatselos: Mr. Ambassador, I have a lot of questions to ask you, and your answers are very interesting. Unfortunately, we’re under a time constraint, so I will just close by saying a huge thank you. This relationship between the Embassy and AmCham has been extremely fruitful, and we look forward to continuing this wonderful relationship with you.
Source: U.S Embassy in Greece.